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Líshān Lǎomǔ (Chinese: 驪山老母; lit.: ‘The old mother of Mount Li’) is a goddess in Chinese religion and Taoism. She is a high-ranking female immortal and the goddess of Mount Li.
According to legend, she is often equated with Nü Wa, the legendary creater and mother goddess, as she has long been worshipped on the same mountain, but actually, Lishan Laomu has her own number of stories. Her disciples and apprentices are legendary female heroes, such as Zhong Wuyan, Fan Lihua, Bai Suzhen, Zhu Yingtai, Mu Guiying, Liu Jinding, these women are heroine era.
During the Tang Dynasty, Taoist Li Quan (618-907) a commoner fond of the way of the immortals, who often travelled to spiritual places in the mountains, met with Lishan Laomu at the foot of Lishan Mountain, and Laomu taught him Huangdi Yinfujing (The Yellow Emperor’s Scripture on “Unconscious Unification”).
In the Shiji and Hanshu are some statements about the old mother of Mt. Lishan. She was seen as a heavenly daughter or as a woman married to a western barbarian, chieftain named Xuxuan (胥轩). Through this marriage it was able for the rulers of the Shang (17th-11th cent. BC) or Zhou (11th. cent.-221 BC) dynasties (the time is given with that period) to control the peoples in the west.
Laomu’s main temple is called “Lishan Laomu Palace” in Xi’an of Shaanxi Province is the most famous one among those extant temples. The palace is situated on the Xixiu Ridge of Mount Li, Lintong District, Xi’an.
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